Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS), founded in 1946, is one of the oldest medical universities nationwide. Shiraz University of Medical Sciences was first established as the "Institute of Health for Higher Education". This institute was turned into the Faculty of Medicine in 1949. "Nemazee Higher Institute for Nursing" and the School of Dentistry were founded in 1954 and 1970 respectively. Afterwards, other schools were shaped gradually.